## What is a hot deck imputation?

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Hot deck imputation is a method for handling missing data in which each missing value is replaced with an observed response from a “similar” unit. Despite being used extensively in practice, the theory is not as well developed as that of other imputation methods.

## What is hot deck?

Definition of hot deck : a pile of logs from which logs are hauled to the mill as soon as they are cut and yarded — compare cold deck.

**What imputation techniques do you recommend?**

Imputation Techniques

- Complete Case Analysis(CCA):- This is a quite straightforward method of handling the Missing Data, which directly removes the rows that have missing data i.e we consider only those rows where we have complete data i.e data is not missing.
- Arbitrary Value Imputation.
- Frequent Category Imputation.

**What is imputation in coding?**

Imputation preserves all cases by replacing missing data with an estimated value based on other available information. Once all missing values have been imputed, the data set can then be analysed using standard techniques for complete data.

### How hot does deck imputation work?

Hot deck imputation involves replacing missing values of one or more variables for a non-respondent (called the recipient) with observed values from a respondent (the donor) that is similar to the non-respondent with respect to characteristics observed by both cases.

### How much is too much missing data?

Statistical guidance articles have stated that bias is likely in analyses with more than 10% missingness and that if more than 40% data are missing in important variables then results should only be considered as hypothesis generating [18], [19].

**How does a hot deck cold deck work?**

What are they? Hot deck/cold deck systems are an air handler based solution where the flow for the building is split into two, with one part being heated and one part being cooled. These two airflows are then mixed together to create the right amount of heating and cooling for each space.

**What is cold deck imputation?**

one of several methods of inserting values for missing data (see imputation) in which missing observations are replaced by values from a source unrelated to the data set under consideration.

## Which imputation method is more favorable?

Multiple imputation is more advantageous than the single imputation because it uses several complete data sets and provides both the within-imputation and between-imputation variability.

## When should imputation be used?

If there are significant missingness on the baseline variable of a continuous variable, a complete case analysis may provide biased results [4]. Therefore, in all events, a single variable imputation (with or without auxiliary variables included as appropriate) is conducted if only the baseline variable is missing.

**Why is the mean imputation not considered?**

Problem #1: Mean imputation does not preserve the relationships among variables. True, imputing the mean preserves the mean of the observed data. So if the data are missing completely at random, the estimate of the mean remains unbiased. That’s a good thing.

**Is multiple imputation necessary?**

Conclusion: It is not necessary to handle missing data using multiple imputations before performing a mixed-model analysis on longitudinal data.