What is an Akratic person?
Akrasia (/əˈkreɪziə/; Greek ἀκρασία, “lacking command” or “weakness”), occasionally transliterated as acrasia or Anglicised as acrasy or acracy, is described as a lack of self-control or the state of acting against one’s better judgment. The adjectival form is “akratic”.
What is akrasia According to Plato?
‘ Plato makes one such break from Socrates with respect to. the notion of akrasia (incontinence or weakness of will).
What is akrasia according to Aristotle?
In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle gives an account of akrasia (lack of self control) as well as an interesting classification of the different forms it can assume: he distinguishes between weak and impetuous akrasia, and between akrasia caused by thumos and akrasia caused by bodily desires.
What is the problem of akrasia?
Akrasia refers to a state, where one knows what the morally sound course of action is, but voluntarily fails to pursue it. According to Plato, akrasia stems from misleading desires and emotions, which muddle the original, rationally produced moral judgement.
What is akrasia Socrates?
The term Akrasia comes from the Greek and means “lacking control/command over oneself.” Plato and Socrates believed that Akrasia was a moral defect, while Aristotle argued that it comes from a mistaken opinion about what someone “should” do.
What are the most important ways that Aristotelian ethics differ from Kantian and utilitarian ethics?
Aristotle’s approach is agent-centered in that it focuses on the development of the individual, which in turn, benefits society as a whole. Kant’s approach is duty-based, which means that there are certain duties that we have as human beings and these duties are absolutely binding for us.
Is akrasia a vice?
Abstract: In book 7 of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle argues that vice, lack of self-restraint (akrasia), and brutish- ness are to be avoided. While the opposite of vice is virtue, the opposite of akrasia is self-restraint, and of brutishness a form of divinity.
What is akrasia and why is it important?
“Akrasia is the experience of knowing an action would be in your best interest, but you don’t do it. Akrasia is one of the most widespread and persistent barriers to getting things done.” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy refers to Akrasia as “Weakness of Will.”
What in the world is weakness of will?
In one formulation, Holton writes that weakness of will (or action displaying it) is “unreasonable revision of a contrary inclination defeating intention (a resolution) in response to the pressure of those very inclinations” (2009, p. 78).
What do Bentham and Kant agree on?
Explanation: Bentham developed a theory (“consequentialist utilitarian theory”) that evaluates the moral correctness of a choice depending on an outcome, while Kant developed a theory (“deontological moral duty theory”) that evaluates the moral correctness of an action independent of its consequences.
How are Aristotle’s ideas different from Kant’s?
This follows from Kant’s insistence that an act is virtuous only if the moral agent is willing freely and universally. Secondly, Aristotle’s virtues modify behavior directly, whereas Kant’s virtues modify behavior indirectly by creating moral feeling which, in turn, represses the temptations of the natural inclination.
What does Aristotle say about self-restraint?
In book 7 of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle argues that vice, lack of self-restraint (akrasia), and brutishness are to be avoided. While the opposite of vice is virtue, the opposite of akrasia is self-restraint, and of brutishness a form of divinity.