What type of pesticide is lindane?
Lindane, also known as gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane, gammaxene, Gammallin, and benzene hexachloride, is an organochlorine useful as an agricultural insecticide and as a pharmaceutical agent to eliminate lice and scabies (Ahmed et al., 2008).
What type of substance is lindane?
Lindane, also known as gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH), gammaxene, Gammallin and sometimes misnamed benzene hexachloride (BHC), is an organochlorine chemical and an isomer of hexachlorocyclohexane that has been used both as an agricultural insecticide and as a pharmaceutical treatment for lice and scabies.
Is lindane an insecticide?
Lindane is used as an insecticide on fruit and vegetable crops. Exposure to lindane may occur from eating contaminated food or by breathing air contaminated during formulation or use. Lindane is quite toxic to humans.
What is the other name of lindane?
Lindane , formerly known as gamma benzene hexachloride, is an insecticide and is used to treat scabies and lice infestations.
What is lindane used for in agriculture?
Introduction: Lindane is an organochlorine insecticide and fumigant which has been used on a wide range of soil-dwelling and plant-eating (phytophagous) insects. It is commonly used on a wide variety of crops, in warehouses, in public health to control insect-borne diseases, and (with fungicides) as a seed treatment.
Where is lindane banned?
Lindane has been used on U.S. crops since 1950. The EPA heavily restricted it in 1983, limiting its use to grain seeds to prevent pests from eating the plants. It is banned in the European Union, Japan and several other Asian countries, South Africa, and much of Latin and South America.
What is the structure of lindane?
Lindane is the gamma-isomer of benzene hexachloride, a colorless to white colored, synthetic, crystalline solid with a slight musty odor that emits toxic fumes of hydrochloric acid and other chlorinated compounds when heated to decomposition.
Is lindane banned in India?
Pesticides Banned for manufacture, import and use . Lindane (Gamma-HCH)(Banned vide Gazette Notification No S.O. 637(E) Dated 25/03/2011)-Banned for Manufecture,Import or Formulate w.e.f. 25th March,2011 and banned for use w.e.f. 25th March,2013.
Where is lindane still used?
Lindane is still used in some developing countries. And it is an ingredient in some head lice and scabies treatments used in some countries, including China, India, the US and Canada.
Why is lindane used?
Lindane is used to treat scabies (mites that attach themselves to the skin) and lice (small insects that attach themselves to the skin on the head or pubic area [‘crabs’]). Lindane is in a class of medications called scabicides and pediculicides. It works by killing lice and mites.
Who discovered lindane?
Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) was first synthesized by Michael Faraday in 1825. After the discovery in 1912 of the δ- and γ-isomers by Teunis Van der Linden, the name “lindane” was given to the γ-isomer. Many HCH isomers exist, but only six isomers are relatively stable, including α-, β-, γ-, δ-, and ε-isomers.
Who can use lindane?
Lindane Lotion is mainly for adults and children who weigh at least 110 pounds. If you weigh less than 110 pounds, use Lindane Lotion only if your doctor thinks it is really needed. People who weigh less than 110 pounds and the elderly have higher chances for side effects because more lindane may go through their skin.