Where does DNA translation occur in eukaryotes?
Thus, in eukaryotes, while transcription occurs in the nucleus, translation occurs in the cytoplasm.
Where does protein processing occur in eukaryotes?
In eukaryotes, translation occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell, where the ribosomes are located either free floating or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. In prokaryotes, which lack a nucleus, the processes of both transcription and translation occur in the cytoplasm.
Where is protein made DNA?
The type of RNA that contains the information for making a protein is called messenger RNA (mRNA) because it carries the information, or message, from the DNA out of the nucleus into the cytoplasm. Translation, the second step in getting from a gene to a protein, takes place in the cytoplasm.
Does DNA go through protein synthesis?
DNA is the primary genetic material contained within your cells and in nearly all organisms. It’s used to create proteins during protein synthesis, which is a multi-step process that takes the coded message of DNA and converts it into a usable protein molecule.
Where does protein processing occur?
Processing of proteins is initiated in the endoplasmic reticulum and continues in the Golgi apparatus. Protein Folding and formation of disulfide bridges. Processing of proteins begins with interaction of the newly made peptide with chaparone proteins in the lumen of the ER.
How is protein translated in eukaryotes?
Protein Synthesis involves translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. It is the process in which ribosomes in the cytoplasm or ER synthesize proteins after the process of transcription of DNA to RNA.
Where is the DNA located?
Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus (where it is called nuclear DNA), but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria (where it is called mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA). Mitochondria are structures within cells that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use.
How does DNA become a protein?
During transcription, the enzyme RNA polymerase (green) uses DNA as a template to produce a pre-mRNA transcript (pink). The pre-mRNA is processed to form a mature mRNA molecule that can be translated to build the protein molecule (polypeptide) encoded by the original gene.