Who is the king of Hittites?
Suppiluliumas I, also spelled Shuppiluliumash, or Subbiluliuma, (flourished 14th century bc), Hittite king (reigned c. 1380–c. 1346 bc), who dominated the history of the ancient Middle East for the greater part of four decades and raised the Hittite kingdom to Imperial power.
What is the Hittite empire most famously known for?
One military engagement the Hittites are famous for is the Battle of Kadesh against the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II’s army in 1274 BCE. This battle is especially important because both sides claimed victory, which led to the first known peace treaty in the history of the world, in 1258 BCE.
What race is Hittite?
Hittite, member of an ancient Indo-European people who appeared in Anatolia at the beginning of the 2nd millennium bce; by 1340 bce they had become one of the dominant powers of the Middle East.
Who are the Hittites today?
In classical times, ethnic Hittite dynasties survived in small kingdoms scattered around what is now Syria, Lebanon and the Levant. Lacking a unifying continuity, their descendants scattered and ultimately merged into the modern populations of the Levant, Turkey and Mesopotamia.
Who was the last Hittite king?
The last king of the Hittite Empire was Suppiluliuma II, famous for his part in the first naval battle in recorded history in 1210 BCE, in which the Hittite fleet was victorious over the Cypriots.
Why did the Hittite kingdom come to an end?
The Hittite military made successful use of chariots and advanced iron working technologies. After 1180 BCE, amid general turmoil in the Levant associated with the sudden arrival of the Sea Peoples, the kingdom disintegrated into several independent “Neo-Hittite” city-states.
What Hittite means?
Definition of Hittite 1 : a member of a conquering people in Asia Minor and Syria with an empire in the second millennium b.c. 2 : the extinct Indo-European language of the Hittites — see Indo-European Languages Table.
Did the Hittites conquer Egypt?
The Hittites occupied the ancient region of Anatolia (also known as Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey) prior to 1700 BCE, developed a culture apparently from the indigenous Hatti (and possibly the Hurrian) people, and expanded their territories into an empire which rivaled, and threatened, the established nation of Egypt.
What did Hittites invent?
The Hittites were one of the major powers of the ancient Near East and, as such, had to focus on military success, which they did through their invention of iron weapons and innovation with chariots.
Who conquered the Hittites?
The Hittite Empire reached its peak under the reign of King Suppiluliuma I (c. 1344-1322 BCE) and his son Mursilli II (c. 1321-1295 BCE) after which it declined and, after repeated attacks by the Sea Peoples and the Kaska tribe, fell to the Assyrians.