What does Ash Sham mean?
Muslim: from a personal name based on Arabic shams ‘sun’. Al-Shams (Ash-Shams) ‘the Sun’ is the title of the 91st sura of the Qur’an. It is found as a personal name in combinations such as Shams ud-Din ‘sun of religion’.
What does dawlah mean?
The term dawla originally meant ‘cycle, time, period of rule’. It was particularly often used by the early Abbasid caliphs to signify their “time of success”, i.e. reign, and soon came to be particularly associated with the reigning house and acquire the connotation of ‘dynasty’.
What is the Levant?
Levant, (from the French lever, “to rise,” as in sunrise, meaning the east), historically, the region along the eastern Mediterranean shores, roughly corresponding to modern-day Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and certain adjacent areas.
What is Bilad al-Sham English?
the left-hand region
The name Bilad al-Sham in Arabic translates as “the left-hand region”.