What is a topicality argument in debate?
Topicality is a stock issue in policy debate which pertains to whether or not the plan affirms the resolution as worded.
What is Inherency in policy debate?
Inherency is a stock issue in policy debate that refers to a barrier that keeps a harm from being solved in the status quo.
What is a contention in debate?
Contention Arguments in debaters’ Constructive speeches will be in groupings called contentions. Each contention represents a separate argument for or against the resolution. Card Debaters may refer to a piece of quoted evidence as a card. Drop To drop an argument is to fail to respond to that argument.
What are standards in topicality?
In order to win a topicality argument, a negative needs to isolate one word or term in the resolution that the affirmative has not upheld in their interpretation of the resolution. Then, the negative needs to define that term. In other words, standards are the ways to determine what the best definition of the term is.
What are three ways to run a topicality argument?
There are three general types of topicality. Straight-up topicality, the affirmative does not meet the resolution, effects topicality, the effects of the plan make the case topical, and lastly, extra-topicality, part or all, of the plan does something that is beyond what the resolution demands.
What parts of the plan determines topicality?
Usually a topicality argument has three components: standards, violation, and impact. standards (Page 216). variety of means employed to determine the better definition.
What are thumpers in policy debate?
Thumpers- thumpers are generally pretty smart arguments. You used to have to wield a lot of tricks to defeat them. This meant that a lot of the subtle, nuanced arguments/tricks people used ot use where replaced by just reading bad cards.
What is a subpoint in debate?
Subpoint – exactly what it sounds like. That is, a point that is a part of the larger umbrella. contention. (we’re lazy, so we don’t hyphenate it) Prep time – time to write down some responses in preparation for the rebuttal; total prep time can.
How do you write a contention in a debate?
Contentions: Students simply need to write “Contention one:” and begin with the claim, warrant, and impact of their first question. If desired, contentions can also have sub-points. In this case, it may read something like, “Contention one: a sentence describing the general point of both arguments together.