What is cyber terrorism?
In 1997, Mark Pollitt of the FBI defined cyber terrorism as: The premeditated, politically motivated attack against information, computer systems, computer programs, and data which result in violence against non-combatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents (FBI, 1997).
Why is it hard to define cyber terrorism?
Background. There is no universally accepted definition of cyber terrorism. Additionally, definitions for cyber terrorism are even further complicated by the fact that they must be specific enough to be understood distinctly from other types of cyber attack, such as cyber warfare and hacktivism (Kenney, 2015).
What is the aim of cyber terrorism?
Cyber terrorism is generally understood to involve attacks against a particular country’s computer and network infrastructure, with the aim of intimidating its government and people.
What is difference between cybercrime and cyber terrorism?
The main difference between cybercrime and cyber terrorism lies in the objective of the attack. Cybercriminals are predominantly out to make money, while cyber terrorists may have a range of motives and will often seek to have a destructive impact, particularly on critical infrastructure.
What is the impact of cyber terrorism?
Our findings draw on three large n studies conducted from 2013 to 2016 and suggest that cyberterrorism aggravates stress and anxiety, intensifies feelings of vulnerability and hardens political attitudes. In these ways, we demonstrate that cyberterrorism causes responses similar to conventional terrorism.
What are the effects of cyber terrorism?
How do cyber attacks affect society?
Cyber attacks can cause electrical blackouts, failure of military equipment, and breaches of national security secrets. They can result in the theft of valuable, sensitive data like medical records. They can disrupt phone and computer networks or paralyze systems, making data unavailable.
How does cyber terrorism affect the economy?
Terrorist acts can cause ripple effects through the economy that have negative impacts. The most obvious is the direct economic destruction of property and lives. Terrorism indirectly affects the economy by creating market uncertainty, xenophobia, loss of tourism, and increased insurance claims.