What is the pathophysiology of periodontitis?
Periodontitis is an inflammatory reaction triggered by bacteria in dental plaque. There is loss of alveolar bone, formation of deep gum pockets, and eventually loosening of teeth. Treatment involves scaling and root planing and sometimes antibiotics and/or surgery.
How do you diagnose periodontitis?
Measure the pocket depth of the groove between your gums and teeth by placing a dental probe beside your tooth beneath your gumline, usually at several sites throughout your mouth. In a healthy mouth, the pocket depth is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters (mm). Pockets deeper than 4 mm may indicate periodontitis.
Can periodontitis be managed?
Most cases of slight and moderate chronic periodontitis can be successfully managed by mechanical removal and/or reduction of subgingival bacterial biofilms and calculus.
Can periodontal disease go into remission?
Your periodontal disease will always need management, but can go into remission with appropriate treatment and the following practices: Brush at least twice a day, for two minutes. Floss at least once a day.
What is the pathogenesis behind gingivitis?
Gingivitis is caused by the microbial plaque deposits located in or close to the gingival sulcus. The microorganisms more strongly associated with the etiology of gingivitis include species of Streptococcus, Fusobacterium, Actinomyces, Veillonella, and Treponema.
Is it easy to diagnose periodontitis?
Diagnosing periodontitis An examination by the dentist is the only way to correctly assess the condition of the gums. In addition to the clinical assessment with a gum probe, X-rays must also be taken to assess the condition of the bone.
Will my teeth fall out from receding gums?
Receding gums create a variety of issues that can lead to losing teeth. Over time, the receding gums will create gaps between the teeth and gums. Some may think that the gap will cause the teeth to loosen and that is what will cause them to fall out. That is not the only danger that people face.