What kind of virus is rubella?
The Virus. Rubella virus is an enveloped, positive-stranded RNA virus classified as a Rubivirus in the Matonaviridae family.
What does Togaviridae cause?
The Togaviridae include the major causes of infectious arthropod-borne equine encephalitides and are divided into two main groups: the Alphaviridae—including Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), Western equine encephalitis (WEE), and Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE)—and the Flaviviridae, including West Nile virus ( …
What is rubella disease?
Rubella (German Measles, Three-Day Measles) Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Most people who get rubella usually have a mild illness, with symptoms that can include a low-grade fever, sore throat, and a rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body.
What causes rubella virus?
Rubella is caused by a virus. It is spread from person-to-person through droplets coughed or sneezed into the air by an infected person. Most outbreaks of rubella happen among young adults and adults who have not been vaccinated and have not had the disease before.
How is Togaviridae transmitted?
Togaviruses are important veterinary pathogens, and are transmitted via mosquitoes. Some of them are zoonotic viruses, including Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV). Rubella virus is the only member of togavirus family that causes significant disease in human—German measles.
Which of the following are common clinical symptom of alphavirus infection?
Alphavirus infections are characterized by the triad of fever, arthralgia and rash. These clinical features occur abruptly after an incubation period of 2–10 days. In the early phase, fever, muscle pains, malaise and headache dominate the clinical picture.
Why is rubella important in pregnancy?
Pregnant women who contract rubella are at risk for miscarriage or stillbirth, and their developing babies are at risk for severe birth defects with devastating, lifelong consequences. CRS can affect almost everything in the developing baby’s body. The most common birth defects from CRS can include: Deafness.
What causes rubeola virus?
Measles is caused by an extremely contagious virus called morbillivirus. In fact, if 10 people who weren’t vaccinated were in a room with someone with measles, nine of those people would get measles. Measles is spread by: Contaminated droplets that are spread through the air when you cough, sneeze or talk.